Semina qua tic ancestors project
Were our early ancestors
more aquatic in the past? The answer should be: 'Yes!
site is primarily dedicated
to renewed ideas about a more aquatic human ancestry of our species.
It is not impossible that our ancestors adapted to shoreline and riverside habitats.
A serious option is in my view possible isolation in very early island settings.
Vanuit dit gezichtspunt beschouwd vormt de drieteenmeeuw een schitterend voorbeeld van de algemene
betrekking heeft op
het hele dier en niet op een paar afzonderlijke eigenschappen.
Drieteen meeuw (NL) - Kittiwake (EN) - Rissa tridactyla
….. the Kittiwake presents an excellent example of the general
rule, that adaptation relates to the animal as whole
and not a few separate properties.
Niko Tinbergen, In 't vrije veld. Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht /
Antwerpen 1978 p 263
nonsense or worth
serious investigation. In 1960 marine biologist sir Alister Hardy published the notion
that some anatomical and physiological traits of modern man possibly were related to a more aquatic past of human ancestors (1).
Refuted by professional paleoantropolgists it
was a few years later popularised by writer and journalist Elaine
She was the most imprortant defender this possibility. This was true until her 92 years of age when she left us for ever...
- The idea became known as 'The Aquatic Ape Theory' (2).
Discussions are still going on but more accepting is a reality now (2013 conference Human evolution, past, present and future, London
In 1968 as baccalaureat marine
biology (Vrije Universteit, Amsterdam, Holland) I read
of Carl Ortwin Sauer(3).
An American geographer that I hold forever in
He embraced the idea of Hardy based on his own
observations of hunting fishing gathering tribes in the Amazons,
Tierra Del Fuego
- and islands of the Pacific .
- He did put forward the idea, that the main
route of dispersal of man could very well have been coastlines along
continents and big river systems.
An example was the peopling of the
Americans along the West coast.
- Now (2008) this seems to be proven and
recently accepted as very real possibility.
- He mentioned that most surviving neolithic
human groups were original living along seashores, rivers, lake sides
and not on savannas and
not in the jungle.
- The savannah and jungle dwellers in his
opinion were secondary adapted, forced away from better habitats by
like the Europeans in Australia, the Americas and Tasmania and the
An example is found in the article Seashore-Primitive Home of Man?
- Recently, professor Carsten Niemitz added
important observations to the more or less convincing list of arguments
But once proclaimed heretic, unscientific and not falsifiable it is all
still stubbornly rejected.
- Savannah theory refuted,
shoreline theory plausible
- Reading, observing and learning more as professional
I used my professional judgment.
Observing human behaviour and peculiarities in his physiological and
anatomical properties convinced me that the idea
of a more aquatic
very early ancestry made sense.
I never felt at ease with the Savannah
theory and some of the scientific ridiculous ideas put forward by
anthropologists and paleoantropolgists.
- In the meantime this Savannah idea stemming
from Raymond Dart - anatomist and
anthropologist - is not dominant any more.
- His influence is still an immanent reason to
repudiate a possible more semi- aquatic habitat that resulted
in anatomic and physiologic
adaptation for our ancestors.
If you are aware how Alister Hardy
even today still is ridiculed as person you serious have to look into
question he asked.
- For me it was immediately the other way around:
the Savannah concept is weak, based as it is on dry bones and shattered
- It contradicts the dispersion of Homo
sapiens: a minute percentage were and are savannah dwellers. Most of us
lakes and coastlines of all continents...
- The shoreline concept is based on
properties of present day very alive and complete individuals of Homo
How we are is the outcome of a long road. Not of 6000 years as most of
us stubbornly believe but more then 4 million years.
A lot of "sidelines" in our ancestral kin were active in this
history. Today is is only "WE".
It is a pity we don't have a time machine to
beam one of us to a few million of years ago to find out
winner of know-it-all scientists......
- Alister Hardy, Elaine Morgan and Carl Ortwin
Sauer had to rely on written material and personal information.
- I could fully exploit the advantages of the
world wide web, the superhuman "memory" available to us all nowadays
I was amazed about the wealth of information available (and all
the rubbish that is out there also, of course..).
- Discussions about "who" is right about the history of
ancestors, what were habitats they had to be adapted to, how long
who were they...
The best compilation about all is "The
Evolution of Hominid Bipedalism" of Michael J. Friedman. His article I added in the site.
- 1. Alister Hardy 1960 "Was Man more aquatic in the past?" New
- 2. Elaine Morgan 1982 "The aquatic ape"
(Renewed edition) Souvenir London
- 3. Carl Ortwin Sauer (1962) Seashore-Primitive
Home of Man? Read the e-book excerpt form "Land and
Proceedings of the American Philosophical
Society, vol. 106, pp. 41-47
- 4. Carsten Niemitz "A Theory on the Evolution
of Human Bipedalism - Die Amphibische Generalistentheorie,
- “Das Geheimniss des Aufrechten
- 5. Scott Simpson: A Female Homo erectus Pelvis
from Gona, Ethiopia
- Case Western Reserve University,
- Science, November 14, DOI:
Het belang van contact dat Darwin met de Alacaluf
van Tierra del Fuego en Patagonie heeft gehad.
The important connection of Charles Darwin with Fuegan and
Patagonian Alacaluf during his trip from England to South America.